The CBRN security paradigm & terrorism

In the face of terrorism threats, the training on CBRN (chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear) disaster preparedness gains attention not only scholars, but also decision-makers. It is a common misconception that CBRN terrorism is a niche phenomenon and that it is unjustified to engage serious resources and training to minimize the effects of potential use of … Read moreThe CBRN security paradigm & terrorism

The CBRN defence training conducted in a digital environment supports sustainability

E-learning platforms, social media tools, virtual reality platforms, 3D devices, or even videos recorded in virtual worlds can help teachers or instructors to design activities based on learning by doing or learning from mistakes. They also enable learners to participate in different interdisciplinary topics. For this reason, the CBRN defence training in detection of hazardous … Read moreThe CBRN defence training conducted in a digital environment supports sustainability

Individual and collective CBRN defence training

According to ATP-3.8.1 Vol III, there are two distinctive forms of the CBRN defence training: individual and collective. a. Individual training. Individual training prepares an individual military member to perform specified military tasks either in a centralised military training organisation or in a military unit/HQ. It encompasses procedural drills and repeated practical application of doctrines, … Read moreIndividual and collective CBRN defence training

The CBRN defense training curriculum

In context of CBRN defense, it should be noted that commanders have the responsibility to ensure that the forces are capable of surviving and continuing operations, when faced with chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) hazards. But the successful CBRN defense depends on a strong, up-to-date training with a well-design programme for CBRN  specialists, commanders, … Read moreThe CBRN defense training curriculum

Best practices in the CBRN First Responders Training

The CBRN incidents pose a huge threat to people and the environment. Also, they pose an extraordinary challenge to all services involved in rescue operations. With regard to reactions to incidents, CBRN First Responders will always be in the first line; they will have to carry out complex activities being exposed to CBRN agents. In … Read moreBest practices in the CBRN First Responders Training

Characteristics of Improvised Explosive Devices containing chemical substances in the context of the international airports protection

In the second half of the 20th century, chemical products used in homes instead of military materials were increasingly used in the construction of explosive devices. The most popular ones come from agriculture and chemical industry. In general, improvised explosive devices can be built using commonly available materials; components for the construction are becoming easier … Read moreCharacteristics of Improvised Explosive Devices containing chemical substances in the context of the international airports protection

New technologies to support CBRN training activities

In face of challenges related to designing safe CBRN training activities, virtual reality (VR) can resolve many problems. VR, as a viable learning environment, allows trained personnel to perform activities which are burdened with a risk of accidents or harms. Teaching CBRN detection, which involves creating adverse conditions, can also be performed in such an … Read moreNew technologies to support CBRN training activities

Warning and reporting systems in CBRN incidents

All NATO countries apply the same procedures concerning CBRN Knowledge Management (KM). They are crucial for the rapid data collection, processing, and alerting of CBRN events. This is particularly important in the case of cross-border events, where the quick and efficient exchange of information enables adequate and effective measures to be taken to minimize losses. … Read moreWarning and reporting systems in CBRN incidents

CBRN Defence components (cited from AJP-3.8)[i]

CBRN Defence aims at mitigating the possible effects of CBRN weapons or events in accordance with NATO doctrine and standardization agreements. According to NATO, there are five enabling components underpinning all CBRN defence activities. The components are the foundation for CBRN defence on operations. The five enabling components are listed and summarized below:  1) Detection, … Read moreCBRN Defence components (cited from AJP-3.8)[i]

CBRN Defence Principles

According to Allied Joint Doctrine for Comprehensive Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Defence (AJP-3.8) we can distinguish 8 CBRN Defence Principles. Commanders and the staff follow them before, during, and after a CBRN incident. a. CBRN related Intelligence requirements. This concerns gathering and analysing information that address the full spectrum of CBRN threats, hazards, and … Read moreCBRN Defence Principles